Peptides are molecules that are made of small chains of amino acids. Most of us recognize amino acids as those ingredients that make up our protein powders that we use to make smoothies; such as arginine, glycine, leucine, isoleucine, etc. Chains of amino acids are considered peptides when there are 50 or fewer amino acids. Longer chains of 50-100 amino acids are considered polypeptides and greater than 100 amino acids are generally considered proteins.
All peptides that we use therapeutically are made based on those that are naturally occurring in the body. These peptides have pharmacological profiles and intrinsic properties that have specific functions in the body. Peptides have been used since the 1920s. The first peptide to be used was insulin in 1923. It originally came from a glandular extract. In 1982, insulin became the first recombinant peptide made in a laboratory.
We are very familiar with the adverse side effects that are attached to all prescription medications. However, that is not the case with peptides. They have excellent safety profiles, tolerability and efficacy in humans. This is because they capture the physiologic function of naturally occurring peptides in our bodies and, generally, do not provoke any inflammatory immune response.
In order for our bodies to continue to maintain healthy and youthful cells, tissues and organs, our cells must continue to divide and make new healthy cells. Cell senescence is a major factor in the aging process. This means that cells do not continue to divide, but die off. Although cell death is a part of normal physiological processes, an imbalance between cellular regeneration and cell death promotes the aging process. Peptides are at the forefront of regenerative medicine to restore health and prevent a rapid aging process.
Some of the amazing properties of peptides:
Support and improve the immune system
Improve the integrity of hair, skin and nails
Increase lean body mass
Improve memory and cognitive function
Increase athletic performance
Increase healing of injured tissues.
Improve sexual performance
Aid in recovery from strokes and heart attacks